Validating a test to measure depth of vocabulary knowledge
This is an issue of vocabulary depth. Thus, it is questionable whether being able to use the word correctly would suggest that the learner has the greatest depth of knowledge of the word. Among the various conceptualizations of dimensions of vocabulary knowledge, a popular one addresses how many words one knows and how well one knows those words Anderson and Freebody Nation , for example, pointed out that the different aspects of knowledge e. Thus, there was a concern that the parallel development of size and depth suggests they are closely related and may not constitute distinct dimensions Vermeer As Read pointed out: Children were informed on the number of associates and asked to draw lines to link the associates and a target word. It is essentially a test of receptive knowledge of words without requiring learners to have the full meaning repertoire of a target word. The target word sudden is an adjective followed by two boxes of four words.
Broadly, knowing a word means knowing its form, meaning, as well as use; the knowledge can be receptive i. The associates have two primary types of relationships with a target word: Among the various conceptualizations of dimensions of vocabulary knowledge, a popular one addresses how many words one knows and how well one knows those words Anderson and Freebody The former type of relationship pertains to an associate from the same word class and performs the same grammatical function as the target word in a sentence, such as a synonym; the latter pertains to an associate that bears a sequential relationship to the target word in a sentence and is usually a word from a different word class, such as a collocate. Note that in this particular example, there are 6 Developing a Word Associates Test … two associates in each box; however, to prevent learners from guessing, a target word could also have one associate on the left and three on the right or three on the left and one on the right Read , Their responses to each word are then scored 1—5 based on the following VKS scoring categories. Typically, in a WAT item, a target word is followed by six or eight other words, half of which are semantically associated with the target word i. The four words on the left are all adjectives with associates being synonymic to sudden i. The other four words e. This result pointed to a substantial rela- tionship between the two vocabulary tests, but also indicated that the WAT tapped a distinct aspect of vocabulary knowledge than the criterion vocabulary test. The word is familiar, but its meaning is not known. Initially developed for intermediate university English as a Second Language ESL students, the VKS involves learners reporting on their knowledge of a given word by responding to the following statements: In the literature on vocabulary acquisition and assessment, a lot of attention has been paid to the size dimension Read ; Schmitt The word is used with semantic appropriateness in a sentence. Children were informed on the number of associates and asked to draw lines to link the associates and a target word. Empirically, this concern means that the construct of vocabulary depth will need to be assessed and validated. With consideration of both the strength of predictive validity and the complexity of scoring, the All-or-Nothing method was evaluated to be the best for scoring the WAT-C. This is an issue of vocabulary depth. It is essentially a test of receptive knowledge of words without requiring learners to have the full meaning repertoire of a target word. Both forms also demonstrated correlations of over 0. The target word sudden is an adjective followed by two boxes of four words. In addition, there was a concern that the syntagmatic and paradigmatic aspects of the associative relationships measured may address dis- connected aspects of vocabulary knowledge. Extant research has been con- ducted and discussions made on what the nature of vocabulary knowledge is e. The former is known to pertain to size or breadth of vocabulary knowledge and the latter depth of D. Although the VKS is a popularly known method for assessing vocabulary depth, there has been little effort to validate it in the L2 vocabulary literature.
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