Research on teen dating violence
What are the consequences of teen dating violence? One arena that has not been researched extensively in prior studies is school influence, a context where adolescents are exposed to both close friends and a broader network of similarly situated peers. The first model regresses TDV perpetration on the basic control variables: We examine whether school-level reports of non-exclusivity are significantly related to reports of intimate partner violence. We estimate zero-order models for the key independent variables, followed by a series of nested multivariate models. We develop a third indicator focusing on dating norms; specifically, the prevalence of non-exclusivity across the various school contexts. Abstract Prior research has examined parental and peer influences on teen dating violence TDV , but fewer studies have explored the role of broader social contexts.
The final analytic sample thus consists of respondents male and female respondents. The Role of Adolescent Friendships Recognizing that peer relationships are central to child and adolescent development e. Violence is related to certain risk factors. Those individuals reporting on TDV in their most recent, but not current, relationship serve as the contrast category. In the current analysis, we explore whether the broader school climate with respect to norms about this aspect of dating behavior influences variations in TDV self-reports—in general and after taking into account other violence risk factors. Adolescents are keenly interested in the world of dating and sexuality, but do not have an extensive backlog of experience about how best to conduct their romantic lives. In terms of the school-level indicators we find the average score of friend violence is As with school-level friend violence, this measure reflects the percentage of respondents within each school who report being violent with their partners. However, a more general measure of school-level violence toward friends is not strongly related to variations in TDV, suggesting the need to focus on domain-specific influences. Recognizing areas of overlap in risk factors i. Unhealthy, abusive, or violent relationships can have short- and long-term negative effects on a developing teen. We estimate zero-order models for the key independent variables, followed by a series of nested multivariate models. Within the confines of the school, unique status systems and norms emerge that draw from the broader neighborhood environments in which they are located but are never an exact replica Corsaro , ; Eder et al. We develop a third indicator focusing on dating norms; specifically, the prevalence of non-exclusivity across the various school contexts. A victimization scale composed of the same measures is used in supplemental analyses in which victimization is the dependent variable. Numerous studies demonstrate linkages between early exposure to violence within the family and the odds of experiencing violence within later adult romantic relationships e. Research also demonstrates associations between early adolescent exposure and risk for later IPV e. It is also noteworthy that there is significant variation across the various school-level indices i. Some of this research emphasizes attachment processes, which generally stress continuity between early family dynamics and the quality of ties formed later in the life course Bowlby ; Cook, Buehler and Fletcher ; Cui et al. Believe that dating violence is acceptable Are depressed, anxious, or have other symptoms of trauma Display aggression towards peers or display other aggressive behaviors Use drugs or illegal substances Engage in early sexual activity and have multiple sexual partners Have a friend involved in teen dating violence Have conflicts with a partner Witness or experience violence in the home Communicating with your partner, managing uncomfortable emotions like anger and jealousy, and treating others with respect are a few ways to keep relationships healthy and nonviolent. Sutherland and other theorists e. Teen Dating Violence Prevention Infographic The infographic highlights the importance of healthy relationships throughout life. Teens receive messages about how to behave in relationships from peers, adults, and the media. Finally, school-level non-exclusivity is the aggregated response to the individual-level non-exclusivity measure. These researchers focus heavily on various forms of communication that are not limited to the small circle of close friends—such as gossip, storytelling, teasing and ridicule that serve to communicate and, in effect, create localized cultural worlds during the adolescent period Fine and Kleinman What are the consequences of teen dating violence? Respondents reporting positively about at least one of these measures are coded as 1, whereas only those respondents reporting they have never engaged in any of the three behaviors are coded as 0.
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